Spongiotic dermatitis is a dry, red, itchy and cracked condition of the skin. It usually contains a swelling caused by excess fluid beneath the skin.
Spongiotic dermatitis is closely associated with atopic dermatitis or eczema. It is a very common condition including inflammation on skin and caused by allergy.
In this article, general information about spongiotic dermatitis will be given by touching on its symptoms, causes and treatments.
Spongiotic dermatitis signs and symptoms
The symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis are:
• dry and scaly skin
• severe itching
• exuviation especially on hands, inner elbows, and backside of knee
• pimples caused by exuviation that creates liquid
• Red and inflammatory skin because of scratching too much.
Treatment for spongiotic dermatitis
Even if there is a specific treatment for spongiotic treatment, it may treat with medicines, skin care and lifestyle changes.
Below is a list of possible treatment methods for spongiotic dermatitis:
*Daily moisturizing and washing with moisturizer instead of soap can also help.
*Avoid of using soaps, detergents and shower gel because of their irritating ingredients.
*Applying tropical steroid creams to relieve itch and erythema. Be sure to use medicines which are proper and sold with a prescription because ones which are very powerful may cause skin thinning.
*During a fever, applying topical calcineurin inhibitors such as tacrolimus ointments and pimecrolimus creams to control inflammation. These medicines inhibit a chemical that triggers inflammation of the skin and causes redness and itching.
*Using antihistamines to relieve allergy symptoms. More recent antihistamines are less likely to cause fatigue.
*Applying ointment or cream to bandages in order to reduce friction and prevent scratching or using wet bandages. *Because of wet bandages may be too cold, it is not recommended to use on babies and children.
*Ultraviolet light therapy or phototherapy. This treatment is usually not recommended for children. Sunlight may relieve some skin disorders by reducing inflammation.
*Taking oral steroids like prednisolone can relieve symptoms while severe or extensive exacerbations.
Some people say that eating fish oil and vitamin-A can relieve symptoms.