Some risk factors for spongiotic dermatitis are:
Age: Spongiotic dermatitis is more common in children than adults. Ten to twenty percent of children and one to three percent of adults have this disease.
Allergy: People who prone to allergy are riskier to have spongiotic dermatitis.
Irritants: Long-term contact with irritants such as detergents, chemicals or metals may trigger the disease.
Genetic Heritage: A person who has genetic heritage of spongiotic dermatitis is more prone to have this disease.
What causes spongiotic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is the most common reason of spongiotic dermatitis. Exact reason is not known, but it is thought that it is related with a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
In a newly research, it is put forward that people having this problem may have a mutated gene which is responsible of producing a protein named as filaggrin. This protein helps to protect a protective barrier in the upper layer of the skin.
If there is not enough filaggrin, skin barrier weakens, therefore, skin loses its moisture, more allergen and bacteria influence the skin.
Atopik dermatitis may be seen with other diseases like asthma and hay fever.
Possible triggers include these:
• Some food, plants, paints and allergens like medicines
• Soap, cosmetics, latex and irritating matters like metal parts of jewelry
• Rising stress level
• Changes in hormone level
• Dry or humid climates
• Excessive sweating that worsens itching.